Culture & Festivals

Jaintia people are rich in their cultural heritage. Their culture reflects the traditions, music, dances, art and crafts of Jaintia tribe. The tribe is famous for artistic weaving, wood-carving and cane and bamboo work. These are also the main crafts of the tribe. They are also famous for weaving of carpet and silk and the making of musical instruments, jewelry and pineapple fiber articles.


Food Habits


The people of the district live a simple life. Rice is the main food of the people. They also eat meat and different kinds of vegetables collected from forests like mushroom, tyrki, bamboo shoot, wild ferns, noop, etc besides regular vegetables available in the markets.


Costumes


Dresses of the people include ryndia stem, thoh saru, khyrwang, sapjat, kein shrooh/kyrshah, etc. for the ladies and iuslein pyniein, iuspong, ryndia tlem, etc. for men. Ornaments include paila, khoila(earing), khadu (bracelets),etc. were wore by women and also by men during festivals.


Music


The people of this district were fond of musics. Through music, the Pnar people expressed their praise for the rivers, hills, valleys, land, etc. Traditional musical instruments include ramynthei, duitara, ksing/nakra, ramynken, shawiang, tangmuri, etc.


Festivals


Majority of the inhabitants of this area had converted to Christianity. Among the Indigeneous faith, traditional festivals which were observe till today include Beh Deinkhlam (Tuber), Chad Shukra, Chad Pastieh, Shad Ramynthei/Shad Khla (Iarain), etc. of the Pnars community. Nulding Kut Festival is celebrated by Biate Community at Saipung area annually on January 11. Among the Hmar tribes, festivals such as Butukhuonglawm (Spring festival), Lunglâk (Autumn festival) and Sesun (Solemn celebration) are celebrated.