East Jaintia Hills District is one of the 11 (eleven) districts of the state of Meghalaya. With the bifurcation of the erstwhile Jaintia Hills District into East and West Jaintia Hills District, East Jaintia Hills District came into existence on 31st July 2012 with its Head Quarter at Khliehriat. East Jaintia Hills is the home of one of the major tribes of the state of Meghalaya popularly known as the ‘Jaintias’ or the ‘Pnars’ and other sub tribes like the ‘Wars’ and the ‘Biates’.
It comprises all the village of two community and rural development blocks viz. Saipung community & Rural Development Block and Khliehriat community & Rural Development Block with the following boundaries:
- North – West Jaintia Hills District and Assam
- South – Bangladesh and Assam
- East – Assam
- West – West Jaintia Hills District
Now, therefore the Governor of Meghalaya is please to order that the Khliehriat Civil Sub-Division be upgraded into a district to be named as “East Jaintia Hills District” with headquarter at Khliehriat.
East Jaintia Hills District was upgraded from the erstwhile Khliehriat Civil Sub-Division. Prior to the establishment of a Sub-Division, there was an Administrative Unit set up in August 14, 1976 with an objective to bring administration closer to the people at the grass-root level. After five and a half year, the unit was upgraded into a full-fledged Civil Sub-Division in May 27, 1982 with the Sub-Divisional Officer as an administrative head and then upgraded to a District on 31st July 2012 when Meghalaya Government took ample steps to create four more districts in 2012.
Geographical Location, Area and Climatic Condition
East Jaintia Hills District is located at the eastern most part of Meghalaya. It covers an area of 2040 sq. kms. It stands at an altitude of 1200 meters above sea level and is located between 25°.17~30: 25°.22~40 Latitude and 92°.15~20:92°.23~30 Longitude. It is bounded by Bangladesh in the South, North Cachar Hills District in the East and West Jaintia Hills District in the North and West. Its distance from the state capital is 97 kms and the National Highway 44 Connecting Shillong and the eastern part of Assam pass through the district.
Like the other parts of the state, East Jaintia Hills District has a very pleasant climate. The area experiences a tropical monsoon climate. The rainy season occur from mid May to September while the months of October and November are a bit cold. In the winter months the climate is pretty cold and almost similar to that of the state capital. In general, the climate of the area is of a moderate type.
Jaintia Hills District is rich in mineral resources like coal and limestone. It has a total deposit of 37.25 million tonnes of coal and 1054 million tonnes of limestone. Besides these two main natural resources, the area is also rich in forest produce. In term of agriculture, people cultivate rice as the major crop. Besides rice they also cultivate bettle-nut (kwai) and bettle-leaves (pathi/tympew), potato, sweet potato, maize, turmeric, ginger, black pepper,etc. Most of the farmers in the area are depending on seasonal rainfall as only a few portion of the land are covered under irrigational system.
Electoral Profile of the District in Brief
The East Jaintia Hills District consists of 2 (two) Assembly Constituencies, viz., 5-Sutnga Saipung (ST) and 6-Khliehriat (ST) and both the assembly constituencies fall under 1-Shillong (ST) Parliamentary Constituency.
|No. & Name of Assembly Constituency||No. & Name of Parliamentary Constituency||No. of Polling Stations|
|5-Sutnga-Saipung (ST)||1-Shillong (ST)||66|
|6-Khliehriat (ST)||1-Shillong (ST)||63|